This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 857806

News & Events

MUSIC Webinar - Prospects for Microbial Oil and lipid based SAF, 27 Feb. 2023
MUSIC Workshop - Prospects of biocoal for the metallurgical industry, 15 Feb. 2023, Ghent - Presentations available.
Press Release - MUSIC publishes Pyrolysis White Paper
MUSIC Final Dissemination Workshop - The Role of Intermediate Bioenergy Carriers, Brussels, 23 November 2022 - Presentations available
MUSIC Hybrid Seminar - Prospects for Pyrolysis Oil for Advanced Biofuel in Shipping and Aviation, 24 Nov. 2022, Brussels - Presentations available
MUSIC Event: Bio-economy in a net-zero European Industry, Leipzig, 30-31 May 2022 - presentations available
MUSIC Workshop - Use of Advanced Biofuels to Decarbonise Maritime Transport, 12 May 2022 - presentations available
MUSIC Webinar - Disruptive bioenergy technologies: delivering decarbonisation of industrial processes, 22 February 2022
Press Release - 8 November 2021 - MUSIC Regional Stakeholder Workshops completed
MUSIC Webinar: Energy Intensive Industry: Using Biomass to Reach Carbon Neutrality by 2050, 26 October 2021
Press Release - 20 September 2021 - MUSIC Regional Stakeholder Workshops
Webinar: Agricultural Residues Valorisation - Opportunities with Torrefaction, 20 September 2021
BIOFIT Industry Forum on Bioenergy Retrofitting of Refineries, 17 June 2021
Virtual workshop: Co-Processing as Route to Deployment of Advanced Biofuels Production - 14 April 2021
Press Release - Research & Innovation needs for Intermediate Bioenergy Carriers (IBCs)
Webinar 7 April 2021 - Torrefaction: Opportune time for Development
Webinars on Bioenergy Technologies
Press release - 19 December 2019
MUSIC Kick-off-Meeting

Torrefied biomass production

Conversion of agricultural residues to IBCs for use in multiple applications

Greece - Torrefied biomass production

In the Greek strategic case study, the logistics and feasibility of torrefied biomass value chains supplying, district heating applications, and electricity generation and energy-intensive industries were studied.

Agricultural residues (corn residues, vineyard pruning and fruit-tree pruning) were considered for conversion to Intermediate Bioenergy Carriers (IBCs) and subsequent utilisation to: (a) three district heating plants, operated by DETEPA, DETIP, and DEYAK; (b) Ptolemaida 5 lignite-fired power plant; and (c) two industries, namely CaOHellas S.A. and Grecian Magnesite S.A. All applications considered are located in Western Macedonia, a region in the north of Greece.

Given the Greek lignite phase-out in 2028, and the steep rise in the costs of natural gas, biomass is emerging as a viable alternative. Biomass use can provide multiple benefits (increase of rural income, enhancement of energy sustainability and mitigation of lignite phase-out consequences) in case it could be mobilized in a sustainable and cost-effective manner.

The total production costs of the various torrefaction schemes are calculated between 24 and 39 €/MWh, much higher than the price for wood-chips (16.74 €/MWh) and pet-coke (20.92 €/MWh) – which is a fossil alternative to lignite, while carbon price affects the economic competitiveness of lignite (currently 50.1 €/MWh). However, if certain aspects regarding the physical biomass supply chain and the operational parameters of the torrefaction unit, are met, there is potential for IBCs to find application to a wide range of industrial sectors.

Besides the economic aspect, there are a lot of enabling factors regarding biomass utilization in the Greek Case, for example the Greek National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) which emphasizes on the use of biomass and agricultural residues as well as sustainability certification schemes for biofuels, bioliquids and solid fuels. However, the existing legal framework and the lack of large-scale pilot plants are major hindrances.


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